The National Education System & the Classification of Educational Institutions

Special Schools and Special Education

Special education is defined as education in the Education Act 1996 as education that caters for the special educational needs of pupils and special schools are those that provide special education. Special needs pupils display a wide range of impairments, disabilities and behaviors that preclude them from full and complete participation in education in a normal school. Current policy gives these children or their parents, three different schooling options;

  1. Special education schools dealing with a particular type of impairment or dealing with different types of impairment;
  2. Mainstream schools with special classes for students with special needs and,
  3. Mainstream schools that integrate one to five special needs students in their regular classes.