The National Education System & the Classification of Educational Institutions

The Medium of Instruction

The national language or Bahasa Malaysia is the main medium of instruction in all educational institutions in the NES except in national-type (primary) schools that use Mandarin or Tamil as the medium of instruction. The Minister is empowered by the Act to exempt other schools from using the National Language, however, in all instances, institutions not using the National Language as the medium of instruction are required to teach the National Language as a compulsory subject.